Islamic Sciences Journal <table style="width: 102.816%;" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 1.7094%;" width="16%"> </td> <td style="width: 100.107%;" width="83%"> <p>Islamic Sciences Journal (ISJ) (ISSN 2073-1159 (print) or 2663-8800 (online)) is a scientific journal with A double-blind peer-reviewing system. It was established in 2009. It specializes in publishing research, verified manuscripts, extracts from theses and dissertations, as well as reports of scientific seminars and conferences presented in Arabic by Iraqi and foreign researchers in the field of Sharia and Islamic sciences from religions, belief, Islamic thought, and Islamic jurisprudence, which makes it a beacon for all seekers of knowledge and facts embodied in Islamic sciences. The journal is published by Tikrit University, College of Islamic Sciences for the Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education, Research, and Scientific.</p> <p>Islamic Sciences Journal (ISJ) is published four issues a year, with seventeen research papers in each issue.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> en-US <p>COLLEGE OF ISLAMIC SCIENCES, TIKRIT UNIVERSITY. THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE <a class="ccr" href=""></a></p> (Islamic Sciences Journal ) (Bahaa Aldein) Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Provisions of Raising Hands During Kneeling <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;It is well known that prayer is the primary form of worship for Muslims. &nbsp;Sunnah contains numerous texts about raising hands in prayer, some of which are agreed upon and some of which are not. Prayer has been developed in the most ideal way, and some of its practices are required, while others are desirable. There are conflicting views on it, and raising hands in kneeling is one among them. Based on the cited evidence, the majority of scholars conclude that it is not recommended to do so, while Al-Zahiriyyah and some hadith scholars claimed that doing so is permissible. This research tackles the thesis and antithesis of the two arguments and agrees with the one that recommends raising hands during provisions.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Husayn Zaeil Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Narrators Who Write and Write Not His Hadith in Imam al-Bukhari’s Thua’fa’ Al Sageer: A Comparative Study <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The research deals with the perspectives of the scholars of Al-Jarh and Al-Ta’deel &nbsp;who are specialized in describing some of the narrators whose narrations of compiled hadith are accepted or modified. The research demonstrates the ultimate accuracy of judging narrators who write and write not hadith. and preserves the knowledge the narrators relied upon and thus transmitted the Sunnah of the Prophet and his companions. &nbsp;The research is divided into two sections: the first section clarifies the meaning of writing and not writing narration; section two tackles the comparative approach in <em>Thua’fa’ Al Sageer</em>. &nbsp;The research has two requirements divided between the topic of the narrators who are described as "writing their speech," and the narrators who are not writing”. It relied heavily upon &nbsp;the perspectives of &nbsp;&nbsp;Al-Jarh and Al-Ta’deel scholars who preceded Imam Al-Bukhari, as well as those who came later after him.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Saadoun Jawad Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Selected Examples of Obscure Narrators in Musnad Imam Ahmad Musnad Al-Qabail: Collecting and Investigating <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;It is well- recognized for intellectuals that Sunnah is the second legislative source after the Holy Qur’an. Islamic nation is marked by its legislative system that follows and preserves what is left from its Prophet’s instructions. This study aims at highlighting obscure narrators in&nbsp; Musnad of Imam Ahmad, &nbsp;the Musnad of the tribes, by collecting the methods of each of selected hadiths in which there was a vagueness in order to enlighten the knowledge of the obscure narrator.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Kahlan Ali Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Choices of Judge Aspejabi in Mukhtasar Al-Tahawi’s Explanation: A Comparative Jurisprudential Study of Takbeer Formula <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Different perspectives of scholars about different issues should be based upon the text and its effect rather than passion. This is accepted as far as God Almighty created humans with varying mental and intellectual abilities. This research is mainly concerned with the impact received from hadith’s interpretation.&nbsp; &nbsp;The study, further, highlights the provisions related to pray. The research follows a comparative jurisprudential approach. The examined model is “The Choices of Asbijabi in his explanation of Al-Tahawi’s summary. &nbsp;The research entails two sections: section one presents a brief biography of judge Aspejabi, section two tackles the formula of the opening takbeer. &nbsp;The research ends with its conclusion and cited works.&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Mohi Sarheed Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Phenomenon of Death in Al-Mutanabbi's Poetry <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;This study examines the topic of death in the poetry of Abi al-Tayyib al-Mutanabi. Death became a preoccupation that terrified the poet and continued throughout his lifetime. Al-Mutanabbi died a terrible death at the hands of a small band of criminals commanded by Fatik, who crushed his grandest aspirations.</p> <p>The researcher argues that al- Mutanabbi and poetry are dominated by pessimism, which is accompanied with transcendence, ambiguity, and a desire for future greatness so as to compete with monarchs and princes. These characteristics accelerated his demise.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Ahmed Hussein Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of the Current Presumption (Almaqamia) on the Choice of Korani’s Quranic Readings <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The study reveals the function of the current presumption in highlighting the meaning and its influence on the choice of Korani Quranic readings as a crucial component of contextual relationships linking the article to the location where speech arises, as well as the goals and trade secrets of these readings in linguistic levels and grammatical issues. As a result, the research was divided into a prelude to the context of the situation in the language and three investigators: Initial examination: Using the acoustic and pure levels of the current assumption and merging two requirements: Current presumption by tide to indicate maximization is the first requirement. The second requirement is current presumption in terms of verb. The third requirement is current presumption at the grammar level in three claims. The first requirement is current presumption in pronouns. The second requirement is current presumption in subordinates. The third requirement is current presumption in terms of name. The most notable findings on which it stood were stated since the present presupposition was questioned.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Hussein Mahmoud Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Efforts of Al-Khalil bin Ahmad Al-Farahidi and His Views on the Science of Dots through the Book The Decisiveness of Punctuation in Quran by Abi Amr Al-Dani: Exploration and Analysis <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;This research discusses the efforts of Al-Khalil bin Ahmed Al-Farahidi and his opinions on the science of punctuation through the book The Decisiveness of punctuation in the Qur’an” by Abi Amr by al-Dani. The research discusses the development of punctuation, the stages it went through, its types, its causes, and the critical perspectives of scholars in its provisions. &nbsp;The research is concluded with the terms related to punctuation.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Ammar Hussein Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Provisions of Using Chemical Drugs and their Derivatives in Islamic Jurisprudence <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Studies have shown that the use of chemical medications and their derivatives is prohibited because they result in self-killing and self-destruction. In fact, with the growth of chemical pharmaceuticals and their derivatives in recent times, worries have spread across the whole population. Islam has been keen to preserve the soul and the mind, physically and psychologically, in light of God's prohibition on killing the soul and the establishment of the death penalty. This is done in order to protect man from the evils of himself and to shield society from drug users, who pose a threat to other members of society. As Islamic Sharia's teachings and goals are all-inclusive, timely, and relevant to all concerns, they came with the ban of alcohol as one of many other items that are prohibited because they cause drunkenness and insanity. According to this, it is prohibited and unacceptable to use chemical medications and their derivatives. Just as alcohol was prohibited due to the serious damage it caused and the effects of its intake, so was the use of chemical drugs.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Mohammed Matar Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Men of the Iraqi Hadith School, Shahrazour City, and their Hadith Productions : Collection and Investigation <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Hadith expertise among the best disciplines known to men. Otherwise, chaotic viewpoints will be presented to religion. Due to Shahrazour's significant relevance to the science of hadith narration and the sheer volume of its narrators, this study concentrates on Shahrazour and its hadith output. In order to facilitate access to them, their expertise, and what imams have to say about them, this study intends to identify these narrators and the manner in which they are referenced in canonical narrative. As a result, using the translations of hadiths found in books of men's histories, dictionaries, and class books, the researcher gathers and names all persons who are referred to as (Al-Shahrozoori). The researcher also discusses certain terminologies associated with the study's subject, including Shahrazour, Madrasa, and Sulaymaniyah. The notion of the Hadith school and the figures of Shahrazour make up the two outlines that form up the research framework.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Othman Ahmed Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Provisions of Applying Health Guidelines with regard to the Emerging of Corona Virus: A Comparative Jurisprudence Study <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;This study examines the implementation of health recommendations in connection to corona virus and its current condition from an Islamic viewpoint. With the pandemic spreading around the world and no existing effective cure or ways to stop it except for following the preventative measures advised by the health agencies in each nation, the necessity for such study is essential. The goal of this study is to describe the origin of the Corona virus and general provisions related to it, including: the use of curfew during an outbreak of the virus, the departure and arrival of an infected country, receiving Corona vaccination, and elaborating on specific provisions concerning affected mosques that should be closed during an outbreak of the virus, social segregation between prayers, wearing masks during prayers, and finally provision concerning washing and burying affected corpses.&nbsp; The researcher comes to the conclusion that national health policies are the same as Islamic law, which places a strong emphasis on maintaining the five requirements, including self-preservation.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Yusuf Hassan Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Protection against Crimes in Islamic Jurisprudence : Investigation and Analysis <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>The study examines one of the significant societal issues for which Allah Almighty has imposed severe penalties in order to deter others and attain divine justice among humans who should live tranquil and secure lives. The purpose of the study is to solve societal challenges, such as how to prevent slipping into sins, transgressions, and criminality via individual self-control. The significance of the study seems to be pertinent, as it pertains to elucidating an important jurisprudential problem in the lives of persons, namely the need of avoiding criminal behavior. The researcher attempts to enlighten individuals that they are prone to committing crimes and to warn them in this life and hereafter. &nbsp;The research falls into an introduction, three sections, and a conclusion. Although the introduction situates the study in its background, the other three sections focus on the essence of the subject, namely crime, its prevention, and its treatment. The conclusion summarizes the study's most significant results.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Zeina Issa Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Financing Islamic Banks Sectors and Projects in Comparison to Their Traditional Counterparts <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;This study compares the numbers of projects and sectors financed by Islamic banks with those financed by their traditional counterparts and compares the returns for Islamic and traditional banks. The focus of this study is on the financing of Islamic banks for service sectors and projects in Iraq, as well as the formulas by which these sectors and projects were financed. In addition, this study examines the financing of Islamic banks for projects and sectors in Iraq.</p> <p>Both the sectors and the projects qualify as institutions of service due to the fact that they provide a service to the receiver, who might be a citizen or a consumer. The study elaborates on &nbsp;projects, as well as the method by which they will be funded, alongside an explanation of their concept, and other pertinent information.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Salahuddin Mohsen , Anas Saleh Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Principles of Justice in the Quranic Perspectives and Administrative Laws <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The research begins with the definition of Justice principle, which is about giving everyone’s rights and placing everything in its rightful position, appreciating each matter according what it is worth, and refrain from injustice, discrimination, and racism in managing affairs.</p> <p>&nbsp;In the first chapter, the research deals with the meaning of Justice in The Holly Quran, with mentioning its types, and followed by explaining the difference between justice and equity in Islamic law(Sharia) and laws.</p> <p>Then, in the second chapter, the research defines the implications of the principle of justice in administration and mentions practical instances in the Holy Quran as well as the Sunnah of the Prophet concerning this matter, as indicated that the Holy Quran commanded justice even with enemies, and thus it surpasses all human laws and systems in spreading justice and applying it in human society.</p> <p>In the third chapter, this paper further describes the constitutional and legal foundation of the principle of justice, where it encompasses the insistence of the Iraqi legislations concerning the embodiment of the constitutional laws, and its general principles of justice that the state follows. It also emphasized the principle of justice before the law, and this emphasis occurs in many constitutional provisions and clauses as well as laws in different forms.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>What is related to the conclusion, the reasercher &nbsp;presented the most important findings concluded by the research.</p> Farman mirhamad , Baqer Shamsulddin Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Examples of Applications of the Purposes of Islamic Law According to Dr. Wahba Al-Zuhaili <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The research is based on devising models of the legal purposes of Dr. Wahba Al-Zuhaili through his books on the principles of jurisprudence and interpretation. Due to the many types of purposes, their divisions, and their ranks, the researcher has limited the discussion in this research to the five necessary purposes, which are religion, soul, mind, offspring, and money. &nbsp;The research presents examples of the purposes of general legislation, such as the purpose of justice, moderation, moderation, non-arbitrariness, inclination, and injustice, to make it easier for the Muslim to know what God Almighty wants, whether by His commands and prohibitions, or by what is permissible or forbidden. &nbsp;Accordingly, the research introduces a contemporary scientist, and shedding light on his biography and scientific efforts. &nbsp;&nbsp;The research is divided into two sections:</p> <p>- section one deals with the meaning and types of purposes, and the definition of Dr. Al-Zuhaili</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>- section two includes two requirements, the first contains examples of necessary objectives, and the second includes &nbsp;examples of general legislative objectives.</p> Raad Abdulkrem , Abed Saleh Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Denying the Divinity of Christ and Proving the Prophethood of Muhammad in the Context of Comparative Religions: The Debate as a Model <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Muslim academics have been familiar with theological and scientific debates from the early ages. Islam's academics and the members of the Ahl-AlKitab engaged in theological debates throughout the religion's history, touching on a wide range of topics related to worship, belief, dogma and more. The most prominent of these was their assertion that Jesus is God while also rejecting that Jesus preached the message of Muhammad. The verses in the Holy Qur'an, as well as the distorted bible, were evidence against them. These Muslim academics debunked the Christians' claims that Jesus is divine. They invalidated the Christian academics and provided evidence for what had been surmised from corrupted biblical accounts: that Jesus was informed of Muhammad's message and purpose.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Ahmed Siddik , Kifah Rashid Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Utterance of “Abtila’ ” and Calamity and Disorder as its Meanings in Al Baqrah Sura: An Objective Study <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The word affliction, sedition, calamity, ordeal, and test are words that share one meaning, which is “test and exam”, but some of them have meanings that are not included in the other, and the idiomatic meanings do not differ from the linguistic meanings.</p> <p>The study has shown that the people of affliction are of two types, the first category: the prophets, then the ideals, then the ideals, and the second category is of two types, the first type is those who were among the people of dereliction in worship, and the second type was those who were among the people of disbelief and debauchery.</p> <p>The wisdom of trial was to raise ranks, to distinguish between those who are steadfast in the truth and those who hesitate in it, to scrutinize the believers, to purify their ranks, and to settle souls on patience.</p> <p>By studying Surat Al-Baqarah as a model, it was found that there are different types of affliction, such as affliction with good and evil, affliction with magic (the temptation of magic), and affliction with assignment.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>The research concluded that calamities and tribulations afflict every human being without exception. Some of the calamities are at the level of the individual, such as illness, weakness, lack of money, and the death of the family. Other calamities are at the level of society and the world, such as wars, killing, displacement, sudden death, and the spread of epidemics and diseases, such as the Corona epidemic that shook the entire world and cancer. And many other diseases, all of which are a test and a test from Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, to see what a person does, whether he is patient and supplicates to God, or is he dismayed.</p> Razan Jamil , Temara Faisal Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Development Of Jurisprudential Consideration In Contemporary Financial Transactions <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Banking transactions in Islamic banks are in continuous development and renewal. The issue of organized banking tawarruq is old in terms of its origin, and new in view of its entry into Islamic banks. Dealing with it may result in a number of risks, as it may have benefits. Accordingly, this research addresses this issue, which is recognized in many Islamic banks. There are many personal Jurisprudential perspectives that vary between permitting, prohibiting, discontinuing, and setting conditions. The Researchers set some controlling procedures to handle this catastrophe. The research follows certain methods such as the inductive approach based on extrapolating what was written on the subject of Tawarruq in previous researches and articles. In addition, the research follows the descriptive approach based on describing the data of the subject under study in an accurate way, and the analytical approach based on interpretation, comparison, deduction, and criticism.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Ismail Lawas , Ayman Mari Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Invalidity of Ablution because of Touch according to the Four Schools of Jurisprudence <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>This topic is one of the most daily raised topics because of its sensitivity and its effects on the Islamic community. The research deals with what invalidates ablution. The research is divided into two sections: The first section deals with defining the invalidation of ablution and touching in Islamic jurisprudence. &nbsp;The second section&nbsp; deals with what validates ablution according&nbsp; to the four schools of jurisprudence that are Hanafi, Shafi’I, Maliki, and &nbsp;Hanbali school of thought.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Ahmed Rashid , Sarah Rashid Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Initial Efforts of the Scholar Shaikh Abdul Karim Al-Daban through his Book The New Explanation: Neutralizing and Weighting as Models <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>The science of the fundamentals of jurisprudence is one of the Islamic sciences that are considered general rules and universal laws needed by people of jurisprudence, interpretation, hadith and others. The research deals with the perspective of Shaikh Al-Daban concerning neutralization and weighting as well as paradoxes. The research follows the analytical inductive approach that reads the research sources in the original documents and then analyzes and presents them to the reader. The research falls into introduction, three sections, and a conclusion. Each part discusses the certain information related to the key cores of the study.&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Kamran Majeed , Fadel Qader Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Presumption of Proportion in Sura Altawasini : A Semantic Study <table width="650"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="394"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>The ancient grammarians and linguists dealt with the context by insinuation and reference at times, and by explicit pronunciation at other times. &nbsp;As such, they used terms close to their linguistic or lexical meanings and synonymous with them, such as the terms (link, verse, evidence, indication, sign). These references and allusions to the term context came during their discussion about attribution, conjunction, or transitivity, or when they mention grammatical chapters, such as the subject, the predicate, the object, the adjective, addition, dependencies, deletion, and appreciation. The researchers hardly find a chapter except for the context mentioned in it, whether it is explicitly pronounced or what is on its behalf and indicates it. From those chapters the researchers chose the accusative and the genitive as two chapters that fall within the context of the attribution in order to show the semantic effect that the context indicates.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Hiwa Karim, Aso Hama Copyright (c) 2023 THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE Tue, 11 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000